Within the Northern District of California there have been a number of designated Weed and Seed sites over the past 15 years. In the past several years there have been the following designations: Salinas, East Oakland, San Francisco and two in San Jose. West Oakland has been a graduated site for several years. Each of the sites has unique characteristics which create special challenges. At each site, the U.S. Attorney’s Office has played an important role in working with the steering committee and in bringing together the participants on both the “weeding” and “seeding” sides of the program. Most of the programs have run their individual five year program funding cycles, but continue to meet and work on Weed and Seed issues in the community.
As part of the upcoming fiscal year budget, the Weed & Seed program had ended. Funding for new Weed & Seed sites will no longer be available. However, these types of programs may still be available through the Byrne Criminal Justice Innovation Program (BCJI). This initiative was not funded in the FY 2011 final continuing resolution. However, BCJI was included in the President’s proposed FY2012 budget and is pending before Congress. For questions about this source of grant funding please consult the Weed & Seed website FAQ section.
Weed and Seed is a Department of Justice community-based program whose goal is to prevent, control and reduce violent crime, drug abuse, and gang activity in targeted high-crime neighborhoods throughout the country. Weed and Seed strategy follows a two-pronged approach: local law enforcement agencies and prosecutors cooperate in “weeding” out criminals who engage in violent crimes and drug abuse, and “seeding” brings to the area human services encompassing prevention, intervention, treatment, and neighborhood revitalization. A community-oriented policing component bridges weeding and seeding strategies: officers obtain cooperation and information from area residents while they assist residents in obtaining information about community revitalization and resources.
A variety of funding opportunities for law enforcement and other programs are listed on the Office of Justice Programs website.
The U.S. Department of Justice’s Weed and Seed program was developed to demonstrate an innovative and comprehensive approach to law enforcement and community revitalization, and to prevent and control violent crime, drug abuse, and gang activity in target areas. The program, initiated in 1991, attempts to weed out violent crime, gang activity, and drug use and trafficking in target areas, and then seed the target area by restoring the neighborhood through social and economic revitalization. Weed and Seed has three objectives: (1) develop a comprehensive, multiagency strategy to control and prevent violent crime, drug trafficking, and drug-related crime in target neighborhoods; (2) coordinate and integrate existing and new initiatives to concentrate resources and maximize their impact on reducing and preventing violent crime, drug trafficking, and gang activity; and (3) mobilize community residents in the target areas to assist law enforcement in identifying and removing violent offenders and drug traffickers from the community and to assist other human service agencies in identifying and responding to service needs of the target area. To achieve these goals, Weed and Seed integrates law enforcement, community policing, prevention, intervention, treatment, and neighborhood restoration efforts. The Weed and Seed program is being implemented in more than 150 communities across the country.
National Weed and Seed Program — U.S. Department of Justice, Executive Office for Weed and Seed
The Executive Office for Weed and Seed (EOWS) within the Office of Justice Programs is responsible for overall program policy, coordination, and development. EOWS also serves to enhance the law enforcement and prosecution coordination among Federal, State, and local agencies, and coordinates with other cooperating programs and agencies such as Ameri-Corps, Empowerment Zones/Enterprise Communities, and the Comprehensive Communities Program.
“The greater Lafayette community, including Purdue University, benefits from the Weed and Seed program,” Miller says. “It makes downtown Lafayette a more inviting place for residents and visitors alike.”
After writing the proposal for the city, Miller, a sociology professor and center faculty partner, is responsible for analyzing project successes and setbacks over the next five years.
Weed and Seed is a community-based approach to law enforcement, crime prevention, and community revitalization that creates an environment for agencies to work together weeding out local crime and planting seeds for crime prevention and neighborhood restoration. Lafayette received a five-year, $1 million grant from the Community Capacity Development Office at the U.S. Department of Justice to fund the Weed and Seed program in August 2007.
Neighborhoods also have started crime watch programs and have taken an active interest in the success of all Weed and Seed projects. Inviting after-school programs for elementary and middle school children are being planned at the Hanna Community Center, Trinity United Methodist Church, and YWCA, according to Miller.
More than 40 people returning from prison have participated in the Problem Solving Reentry Court, Weed and Seed’s core program, Miller says. Most have children and were directed to Dads Make a Difference, a parenting-skills series, and other educational and employment programs throughout the city.
JoAnn Miller, the academic partner for the Downtown Lafayette Weed and Seed community initiative, highlighted positive developments, including a 22 percent increase in drug-dealing arrests from 2006 to 2007, in the first progress report submitted to the Department of Justice.
The national Families and Schools Together (FAST) program also will be offered at the Thomas Miller Elementary School and other schools in the Weed and Seed target area, Miller says. FAST, which helps build relationships between schools and parents and between parents and children, will enroll 20 to 30 families in eight-week cycles.