Cannabis is grown from one of two sources: a seed or a clone. Seeds carry genetic information from two parent plants and can express many different combinations of traits: some from the mother, some from the father, and some traits from both.
There are a few indicators that will give you a sense of whether the seed is worth germinating.
Cannabis seeds vs. clones
Through cloning, you can create a new harvest with exact replicas of your favorite plant. Because genetics are identical, a clone will give you a plant with the same characteristics as the mother, such as flavor, cannabinoid profile, yield, grow time, etc. So if you come across a specific strain or phenotype you really like, you might want to clone it to reproduce more buds that have the same effects and characteristics.
Germinating cannabis seeds doesn’t always go as planned. Some seeds will be duds. Others will be slow and take longer to sprout. But some will pop quickly and grow rapidly.
Make sure the area the seeds are in is warm, somewhere between 70-85°F.
The right time to transplant your seedlings is just before they outgrow their current container. With cubes, you can see roots poking out telling you it’s time to pot up. When you start with a cup or small pot, you are relying on above-ground cues. Typically, when the set or sets of true leaves of the seedling have spread out to cover the circumference of the container, it’s time. Also, vertical growth will be an obvious indicator.
An 18-6 light schedule is considered the sweet spot by most growers. White light is preferred. The source of light should be CFL, MH, or LED. If you have a sunny windowsill, it can work in a pinch.
The seedling phase is arguably the most important of the entire cannabis life cycle. Whether you grow from seed or clone, the hands-on part of cultivation begins with seedlings. Transplanting is all important. Get it wrong, and the crop could be lost. Get it right, and grow great ganja with this guide.
CUBES, CUPS, AND SMALL CONTAINERS
Stretchy or floppy seedling growth can be due to genetics. Often, it’s an indication the grow lamp is positioned too far away from the canopy. A cool white 250W CFL can comfortably hang 15cm above a dozen or more seedlings without scorching leaves.
Before we go into the specifics, we need to be clear that starting in one medium and switching to another can be hazardous. Keep it simple and keep it consistent. You can’t start seedlings in soil and transplant later into a DWC bucket.
If you don’t transplant, then you eliminate the risk of transplant shock. But you also limit the potential of your cannabis plants. That being said, a first and final transplant is sometimes the best option for autoflowering strains with a short life cycle.
Unfortunately, rockwool is a really bad idea for soil growers, even the smaller sized blocks. Invariably, the block retains more water than the surrounding soil. Green, sludge-like algae growth soon becomes a problem. Sure, sometimes you can get away with the tiny cubes, but why take the risk?
People often start inside before moving the plant outdoors. If you have young female plants, they can be fragile to the environment during the early stages. The seedlings should remain inside for two weeks, or until they grow strong enough to withstand a gust of wind.
Not to mention, hard seeds may need up to a week to begin sprouting due to a thicker coating. If they have not germinated after two weeks, then they are likely a dud.
The final step of the planting stage is one of the quickest ones to do. All you need to do is cover the cannabis seed with a thin layer of soil. About a couple of millimeters should do the trick. The thin layer is enough to block out the grow lights or sun while giving the seedling room to grow.
When Is the Best Time to Plant Weed Seeds Outside?
Some people intend to grow cannabis plants indoors, and others want to do it outside. Below is a guide on how to plant weed seeds, which works for both methods. Follow these easy steps, and you will end up with quality cannabis plants.
You can lightly pat the soil to ensure that the plant can absorb the moisture correctly. However, try not to press down on it firmly once it is covering the young seedling. If the soil becomes compact, the weed seed might have a hard time getting enough oxygen. Not to mention, there might be a higher chance of disease from poor drainage.
Beginners might also put seedlings in coco soil. Coco-based soil usually has enough nutrients to last a few weeks. Some cannabis growers prefer it because it is environmentally friendly.
There are multiple things to avoid when you plant weed seeds. Common tips include not fertilizing or adding extra nutrients to the seedling. As mentioned before, the plants can be vulnerable to too high amounts of minerals.