Female pre-flowers feature a small bulb and a protruding hair, or pistil. In contrast, male pre-flowers feature a hairless bulb. Remove any males if you’re not looking to create seeds.
After deciding to grow outdoors, you’ll need to decide where to position your plants. Find an area that provides stable temperature, adequate sunlight, and shelter from harsh weather.
With that said, indoor growers usually have less space at their disposal, less potential for massive yields, and have to splash money on electricity bills to run their setup.
• Predatory insects: Introduce predatory insects such as ladybirds and parasitic wasps to protect your plants against pest species.
• Companion planting: Plant basil, lemon balm, or dill to repel pest insects.
Start germinating your seeds indoors around February 27th if you live in a cooler climate. This date falls just before the full moon and encourages larger and more aromatic buds.
After selecting a location, you’ll need to choose a strain to grow. Here, you’ll need to consider your growing environment, and what kind of effect you’re looking for from your cannabis.
Of course, you could always grow your plants in pots or containers. Lots of outdoor growers elect to use pots and other containers, and they offer the added benefit of being able to bring the plants out during the day and inside if nights tend to be cold.
Spring to early summer: seedling stage Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Choose a strain for your region or microclimate. Some strains do better in some climates than others, and strain genetics will have a big impact on the growing season. In the northern half of the US where the season is cooler and shorter, growers might want to grow indica-dominant strains, whereas sativas will do well in the more hot and humid southern states that have longer growing seasons. Type of soil, volume of rain, and abundance of sun versus shade are other microclimate variables in your microclimate to consider when choosing a strain.
This, of course, varies by region. Farmers in California enjoy generally warmer growing seasons and can plant outside earlier while also harvesting later than, say, New York, whose growing season is shorter on both ends. Regardless of where you’re growing, the main goal is to time planting for maximum light during the summer and maximum growth before fall sets in.
As far as timing when to sprout your seeds, a general rule of thumb is on or around the Spring Equinox. If you’re not growing from seed but instead buying clones, they’ll already be in the seedling stage when you get them so you don’t have to worry about germination.
For the final stage of a female cannabis plant’s life, most of its energy will be put into producing flowers. The flowering stage happens in three phases:
For photoperiod plants, timing is everything. Photoperiod cannabis plants take their cue from Mother Nature (or more specifically the number of uninterrupted hours of darkness) to start flowering. As fall sets in and hours of darkness hit twelve per night, the plant will be triggered into its flowering stage.
Grow Year Round
Another popular method, super cropping, involves pinching the stems to slightly inhibit their ability to take in nutrients. The stem will repair itself, coming back stronger and more efficient than ever. Be careful with this advanced growing technique as you don’t want to damage it to the point where it won’t repair itself!
Be careful when pruning as too much of it will stress out your plant and lead to a stunted plant, affecting yield. Never prune during flowering, as this will upset the delicate hormonal balance of the plant.
C a cultivar that is easier to grow . A late-season grow is not the time to experiment with growing more difficult cultivars. You will likely not end up with the results you want.
Grow with the Sun