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how to guarantee seed germination

Step 5: Place in a warm area. Locate your seed containers in a warm area away from drafts. Also consider choosing an area where the container will not be knocked over or forgotten.

Step 6: Check seeds daily. Examine your seeds each day for germination and to make sure the towel stays damp. Spray the towel if needed.

Step 2: Label your containers. Use a water-resistant marker to label your containers or bags.

Materials needed to pre-sprout seeds:

Step 4: Add your seeds. Spread your seeds out on top of the damp paper towel. If you are using containers, simply close the cover. If you are using plastic bags, fold the paper towel over the seeds and place in the bag.

About half the old seeds sprouted, and the rest were duds. I planted the sprouted seeds and watched the seedlings carefully to see if they would grow. I didn’t expect much from them, but they did grow into healthy transplants that were eventually planted into the garden.

Pre-sprouting seeds is a method used to germinate seeds on a damp paper towel before they are planted. It is a great gardening hack that speeds up germination by providing the seeds with perfect moisture, air, and temperature conditions indoors.

It may be helpful to review this article on 10 Steps to Starting Seedling Indoors to get your seed starting area setup, and then follow the steps to pre germinate your seeds:

Plants lie dormant until the seeds detect enough regular moisture to be able to grow. That is why many seeds take a long time to germinate. You can “trick” the seed into opening faster by pre-soaking them in water. The goal is to penetrate the outer surface of the shell so that the plant gets the signal that it’s ready to grow.

On the other hand, if seeds from multiple sources are failing to germinate, you may need to look into either your soil or your water. Your potting soil may not have sufficient moisture absorption or drainage, or your water may need to be filtered. You may also be in an environment that is too cold for seeds to properly germinate, in which case you may need to invest in something to warm the soil.

1. Pre-Soak Your Seeds Before Planting

If you’re failing to germinate seeds outside, starting them inside can help. Purchase a seed tray and plant a few seeds in each one. After your seedlings have grown, you can then move them outside to continue to develop. This protects your plants during their most vulnerable period, and lets you completely control the amount of water they get. In the early stages of growth, a single storm could wipe out your new plants!

Whether you’re using your own heirloom seeds or purchasing seeds from a garden store, germination is going to be highly dependent on environmental conditions. If you haven’t had luck germinating many of your seeds in the past, it could be due to light, warmth, moisture, or a variety of other issues. Here are some simple gardening tips for getting better, faster germination for all types of seeds.

If your seeds have failed to germinate, even given the above tips, it is fully possible the seeds themselves were duds. If seeds weren’t stored properly — they could have been left in a hot mailbox, for instance — they may simply not be able to germinate. If seeds were stored in a very cold area, they may be taking some time to “wake” up. And there are some seeds that simply cannot germinate; many seeds that are culled from grocery store vegetables and herbs, for instance, are never going to be able to germinate.

If you think that pests eating your seeds is the problem, you can increase your chances of avoiding this problem in future by sowing seeds inside your home, or on a hanging shelf in a polytunnel or greenhouse. You can also try to protect your seeds with a cloche, row cover or mesh.

Both under watering and over watering could cause seeds not to get enough oxygen for germination. Under watering may have caused problems with the coating not breaking down. Over watering may have caused the soil to become waterlogged and compacted. Compactions makes it more difficult for oxygen to get through.

Water well, taking care not to wash your seeds away or push them too deep into the growing medium, and your seeds may well still germinate in time.

9. The Seeds Are Simply Too Old

It is also important to realise that seeds do have a ‘use by’ date. It may simply be that the seeds you are trying to germinate are simply too old. Seeds are only viable for a certain time period, and some will lose their viability more speedily than others.

Another reason why your seeds aren’t germinating might be that they are no longer viable. Unfortunately, seeds can lose their viability if they are not stored correctly.

To avoid this problem, you may wish to start seeds indoors before transplanting them to their final growing positions once the weather (and the soil) more reliably warms up.

Water is usually required for seed germination to take place. As seeds mature, they dry out. In order to germinate successfully, these mature seeds need to take in a lot of water. It is only when they have absorbed sufficient water that cellular metabolic processes and growth can take place.