Raising a seedling, however, requires some patience, gentle hands, and a smidgen of luck. Thankfully pot seeds are remarkably vigorous because they are what’s called endosperm seeds, which means they have almost pre-formed cotyledon leaves before you even add water. Below is a brief guide on the techniques we have found yield the most success when starting seeds and raising your seedling to a healthy plant ready for transplanting.
We like to use seedling pellets that are made of a mix of compressed peat moss and coco husk. To expand, soak it in water for 10 minutes. Once your seedling pellet has absorbed enough water and has expanded to its maximum size, drain off any excess water. The growing medium should be like a damp sponge that would not leave streaks on the table. Dig a small hole about 1/4 in deep for your seed. Use a spoon to lift the seed out of its bath. If it has popped out a taproot be careful not to damage it. Gently place the seed into the hole and lightly cover it with dirt from the pellet. Now that you have started the germination process, your seedling will come above ground within two weeks. The older the seed, the longer it takes for it to germinate.
Starting From Seed
Starting from seed is a remarkable journey. Understanding the biology is one thing, but comprehending how a little miracle bean can turn into a gigantic tree that can affect your body and mind is nothing short of an evolutionary miracle. Or rather a co-evolutionary story of plant and human.
For young plants, it’s best to use bottled water as it has no chlorine added. If using tap water, let it sit for 24 hours before watering to dissipate any chlorine. Chlorine can also be eliminated by boiling for 20 minutes. Under normal conditions, after soaking your seedling pellet, it should contain all the moisture your plant needs before it comes above ground. As it grows, it will only need about a shot glass worth of water at most per week to keep the medium damp. Seedlings don’t drink a lot of water, which makes sense given their size. Your plant will do better in a growing medium which is damp. Overwatering is just as deadly as drying out.
Seedlings require a medium amount of light in which it has enough to grow but not too much light that it gets burned. Leaving your seedling in direct sunlight will cause the leaves to curl, while too little light will cause the seedling to stretch. If growing outside, seedlings want to see a direct light source to stop them stretching. If inside, a sunny windowsill with more than half a day of sunlight works wonders. Otherwise, 18 in away from a growing light works excellently. Your seedling should not stretch more than 6 in at most. We’ll cover lighting in more depth in a later blog.
This is sometimes referred to as “cloning by seed” and will not produce any male plants. This is achieved through several methods:
If you’re ready for a more serious approach, make sure you have the space for a proper garden and pop the seeds to see what fruit they bear.
What are autoflowering cannabis seeds?
Growing marijuana takes a certain level of commitment: time, energy, and financial resources, so be sure you can commit to the whole process.
Check out Johanna’s full video series on how to grow weed on Leafly’s YouTube .
To get the buds found in medical and recreational stores, female cannabis plants are grown in an environment without males—or the males are removed from the area before they release pollen—so the females don’t create seeds. Females can then focus their energies on producing buds and not seeds—this high-potency marijuana is traditionally known as “sinsemilla,” meaning “seedless.”
The last step is drying and curing weed. The amount of water in the buds should reach below 20%. The drying process takes a couple of weeks to ensure the final product does not stay wet. The best way is to dry while the buds are on the branches. Hang them upside down in a dark and low-humidity room.
It is necessary to give plants the appropriate amount of water. Overwatering is a common problem, but there are noticeable signs. Signs include brown leaf edges, yellowing, burn marks, brown spots, and curling.
An effective way to achieve a strong and healthy plant is with some growing medium. The plant will grow better if a high-quality growing medium is used. Hydroponics has a faster growth rate and easy access to oxygen. Coconut material provides an oxygen-rich environment, and plants become robust.
Yield When Growing Weed Indoors
Adjust the light conditions so that the cannabis gets at least 18 hours of sunlight. You also should provide some nutrients during this stage. Nitrogen and potassium are mainly responsible for plant growth during the vegetative stage.
Harvesting weed include some latex gloves, household trimmers, and a large plastic tub. You can cut smaller plants on the main stem, and larger plants should have the branches removed. Afterward, you will want to remove the small leaves from the buds. Carefully cut as close to the buds as possible without hurting them.
The cannabis seedling stage means the plant is most sensitive to the environment. Fortunately, growing weed indoors means that it will not have to deal with insects or animals. Still, you should take extra care of the baby plant when growing weed indoors.
Make sure to water the seedling enough, so the soil does not dry. However, too much can cause root rot. Not only is overwatering an issue, but adding more nutrients also puts the plant’s health at risk. The seedling already has what it needs, and more may result in a nutrient burn. You can provide more nutrients when three or four leaves have sprouted.