No drug interactions have been reported.
In one study, epimedium koreanum was found to cause significant inhibition of the cholinesterase enzyme. This can theoretically increase the risk of loss of muscle co-ordination and jerky movements due to acetylcholine buildup in muscles.
Horny goat weed is a leafy plant that is native to Asia and the Mediterranean region.
There isn't enough information on horny goat weed to safely recommend it for erectile dysfunction or menopause.
Horny goat weed has a long history of use in traditional Chinese medicine .
Animal studies indicate that horny goat weed may work by increasing nitric oxide levels, which relaxes smooth muscle and lets more blood flow to the penis or clitoris.
Horny goat weed also appears to act by inhibiting the PDE-5 enzyme.
Excessive use of Epimedium Grandiflorum can cause rapid heartbeat and high blood pressure. Studies conducted on animals have also shown that high doses of Icariin may be toxic to the Kidney.
Epimedium Grandiflorum has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine as an aphrodisiac. The tea made with Horny goat weed leaves is credited to relieve both male and female sexual dysfunction. According to Western medical studies, Horny Goat Weed seems to increase levels of nitric oxide in the blood. Nitric oxide helps muscles to relax leading more blood flow to the penis and the clitoris. Horn goat weed also appears to inhibit PDE enzymes similarly to prescription erectile dysfunction drugs. Although many studies have been conducted, there is not enough clinical information to recommend Horny Goat weed for erectile dysfunction.
Horny Goat weed has shown to restore low levels of both testosterone and thyroid hormones, therefore slowing down osteoporosis and bone degeneration. The active ingredient in Epimedium is Icariin, which in studies conducted in 2005 by “Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior” showed that Icariin demonstrated potent antidepressant-like properties. In Traditional Chinese medicine, Horny Goat weed is combined with other herbs to treat symptoms of menopause, asthma, bronchitis, cervical dysplasia, and congestive heart failure. The Chinese Academy of Medical science lists the herb as a leading medicine to control aging and promote longevity.
Epimedium Grandiflorum is also known as Yin Yen Ho, Bishop’s hat or with the common name of Horny Goat Weed. It is a hardy perennial plant with large, delicate, creamy white to dark pink flowers. The flowers have the shape of a bishop’s mitra, hence the name Bishop’s hat.Endemic to China and the Mediterranean, Horny goat weed is one of sixty species belonging to the Berberidaceae family
Epimedium Grandiflorum earned the name of Horny White Goat or Horny Goat weed from an ancient Chinese tale. According to Chinese folklore, a sheep’s herder noticed an increase in sexual activity of his goat’s herd after ingesting the weeds.
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Estimated germination time under optimal conditions: 2-6 weeks
Originally from Venezuela.
Optionally, seeds can be dipped in a dilute hydrogen peroxide mix (1 tsp hydrogen peroxide per cup water) for one minute to disinfect seeds prior to planting. If your soil or seed sprouting setup is susceptible to mold growth this can be useful to kill mold spores.
Start seeds in small containers from 8-10 weeks prior to the last frost date. Plant seeds approximately 1/4-1/2″ deep in moist, well drained potting soil. Most standard soil mixes are suitable for pepper seeds. Soil temperature must be kept at 75-90F for proper germination. Cool soil, particularly at night can inhibit or significantly delay germination. To keep soil temperature warm, start seeds indoors, in a greenhouse and/or use a seed starting heat mat. Keep soil moderately moist, though not overly, dripping wet. Water soil when the soil surface just begins to dry. Allow proper air circulation for containers.
Seeds are now available at our seed store.
An exotic hot pepper variety having 3″ long fruits that ripen from green to black to red and have a fairly hot flavor. The fruits remain at the black stage for a number of weeks providing an exotic and ornamental look to the plant. In addition, stems and leaves are covered in silvery hairs. Plants show tall, upright growth up to 3-5 feet. The variety is also known to overwinter quite well in relatively frost free climates.
Once seedlings have sprouted, keep in small containers until a few sets of leaves have developed. Transplant to larger containers or outdoors. If transplanting outdoors, make sure to harden off seedlings by exposing them to only filtered sunlight for up to 1-2 weeks. Thin plants to 3-4 ft and rows to 6-10 ft.